Athletics | Boccia | Goal Ball | Swimming | Wheelchair Basketball | Wheelchair Curling | Wheelchair Rugby | Wheelchair Tennis | Alpine Skiing | Water Skiing | Table Tennis | Sitting Volleyball | Sailing | Rowing | Equestrian | Cross Country Skiing | Canoe Kayak Archery
Athletics offers a wide range of competitions and the largest number of events. Athletics includes:
- Track events: Sprint (100m, 200m, 400m), Middle Distance (800m, 1500m), Long Distance (5,000m, 10,000m), and Relay races (4x100m, 4x400m)
- Road event: Marathon
- Jumping events: High Jump, Long Jump, and Triple Jump
- Throwing events: Discus, Shot Put, and Javelin
- Combined events: Pentathlon (track and road events, jumping events, and throwing events, depending on the athletes’ classification)
The rules of Paralympic track and field are almost identical to those of its Olympic counterparts. Allowances are made to accommodate certain disabilities (for example, the blind and more severely visually impaired runners often compete with guide runners attached to them with a tether at the wrist).
Strategically similar to lawn bowling, Boccia is played indoors on a flat, smooth surface. The objective is to throw, kick, or use an assistive device to propel leather balls (six per competitor) as close as possible to a white target ball (called the “jack”) on a long, narrow field of play. A match has four ends. At the end of the game players receive 1 point for each ball closer to the “jack” than their opponent’s.
For more information: Andreanne Roy, Boccia club, Moncton, email@example.com.
Paralympic goalball is exclusive to athletes with visual impairments. Goalball is an intensely unique spectator sport given the venue atmosphere and extreme concentration and silence required by the athletes.
Goalball is a team sport for both men and women. Each team is comprised of six players with no more than three players per team (1 centre and 2 wingers) permitted on the court at any one time
For more information: Alcide Richard firstname.lastname@example.org, (506) 382-5608
Not surprisingly, wheelchair basketball is one of the most popular spectator sports at the Paralympics. It is a fast-paced team game that attracts competitive athletes with physical disabilities that prevent them from running, jumping, and pivoting. Not all athletes who play wheelchair basketball require the use of a wheelchair for daily life.
Open to male and female athletes, wheelchair basketball requires two teams to play. Each team has twelve players with just five on court during playtime. The objective of each team is to score more points than the opposing team. Points are given for scoring goals by shooting the basketball into the opposing team’s basket. A goal scores from one to three points. Teams actively try to prevent the opposing team from making goals. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins.
For more information: Sabrina and Dave Durepos, Canada Games Wheelchair Basketball NB, Sabrina.email@example.com, (506) 450-9143.
The objective of wheelchair curling is to get the 19.1 kilogram stone as close to the centre ring as possible. Two co-ed teams play at a time, each having four members. A game consists of eight ends. During an end, teams alternate turns with each player “throwing,” in fact sliding, two rocks toward the rings. In wheelchair curling there is no sweeping, which means each throw has to be even more precise. The player’s wheelchair must be stationary during the throw and the stones can be thrown by hand or given an initial push with a cue.
For more information: Wayne Cooper, Thistle St. Andrews Curling Club
firstname.lastname@example.org, (506) 634-7565.
Wheelchair rugby is a very fast-paced, competitive game, and an exciting spectator sport. The objective is to score more goals than the opposing team. Goals are scored by players crossing the opponent’s goal line while in possession of the ball. Players carry, dribble, or pass the ball while moving toward the opponents’ goal area. The ball must be dribbled or passed at least once every ten seconds. A goal is scored when a player in control of the ball touches their opponent’s goal line with two wheels. Contact between wheelchairs is permitted and can be integral to the game. Players frequently collide as they try to stop opponents and take control of the ball. Some forms of more dangerous contact are not permitted and can result in penalties.
For more information: Matthew Kinnie, Wheelchair Rugby New Brunswick
email@example.com, (506) 860-6017.
Tennis is a sport played between two players (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a strung racquet to hit the tennis ball (a hollow rubber ball covered with felt) over a net into the opponent’s court. Wheelchair tennis is played on a standard tennis court and has only one exception to able-bodied tennis rules: the ball is allowed to bounce two times as long as the first bounce is within court boundaries. Players must return the ball before its third bounce. In this sport, the wheelchair is considered part of the body; therefore, all rules that apply to a player’s body also apply to the wheelchairs.
Para-alpine skiing demands extreme agility, strength, and speed, with racers reaching speeds of up to 100km/hour. Adaptive alpine skiing is currently practiced in more than 40 countries; the sport continues to grow in popularity and accessibility.
At the first Paralympic Winter Games in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, in 1976, the Slalom and Giant Slalom were the only two para-alpine events. Today, there are five para-alpine events at the Paralympic Games.
For more information:
Swimming is one of the longest standing sports for athletes with a disability. World records of visually impaired swimmers closely match those of their able-bodied peers. Next to athletics, swimming attracts the largest number of competitors for any sport at the Paralympics. Swimming has been part of the Paralympics since the first games in Rome in 1960. Today, men and women with physical disabilities or blindness/visual impairment compete in swimming events in more than 80 countries worldwide.
For more information:
Sledge hockey is the Paralympic version of ice hockey. It is fast-paced, highly physical, and played by athletes with a physical disability in the lower part of the body. Sledge hockey is an extremely exciting game for players and spectators and is currently played in 15 countries. To date, Canada, Norway, the USA, and Sweden have dominated international competitions, although strength is growing among other national teams.
For more information:
Para NB – Sport & Recreation firstname.lastname@example.org (506) 462-9555